Manipulation of the vital force that is “Prana” is called as Pranayama. This is happening with or without our awareness. The center in the pons and medulla are responsible for the involuntary respiration. As the neural pathway, the muscles will work. But by conscious manipulation, the awareness on that involuntary respiration pathway as mastery or avoid idiopathic respiratory problems like nasal Allergy, Asthma, Bronchitis, etc., at least. Let us know the little normal scientific information about respiratory muscles and their connection with the Pons and Medulla oblongata (parts of the brain stem).